France Wrestles With Its 2 Tiers of Higher Education

“But in the future the grandes écoles will also have to be more like the colleges of Oxford or Cambridge. Autonomous, but part of a federal structure with a university. The grandes écoles are famous for their teaching, but we need to find a way to help them be more productive with research.”
Precisely because most grandes écoles are so professionally oriented, their students conduct very little research, another factor that keeps even the best of them from showing up on international measures of performance